Wine is woven into the fabric of daily life in Italy, and vines can be found in nearly every part of the countryside, from the slopes of the Alps to the rolling hills of Tuscany and on down to the Mediterranean climate of Sicily.
The rolling hills of Tuscany are the birthplace of Chianti.
Some of the world’s most famous and sought-after wines originate here, but there are also many affordable, easy-drinking alternatives. Like most of Europe, Italy has strict guidelines for the production and classification of its wines. It starts with the basic Vino da Tavola (V.D.T.) and builds to the Indicazione Geografica Tipica (I.G.T.) and Denominazione di Origine Controllata (D.O.C.) levels and finally to the top category, Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (D.O.C.G.). More restrictions apply at each level governing geographical boundaries, grape varieties, yields and other factors.